This webpage houses additional documents relating to domestic violence and sexual violence. In addition, it contains a library of current research on several important areas of domestic violence and sexual violence research.
Sex Trafficking Brochure for Parents
The Arizona State University (ASU) School of Social Work, Office of Sex Trafficking Intervention Research, along with The McCain Institute for International Leadership at ASU, developed a very informative brochure for parents that discusses common myths surrounding sex trafficking, details how juveniles can become victims of sex traffickers, and highlights ways in which parents can protect their children from becoming victims. Please review this brochure for very valuable information. PDF
The National Council for Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ), Family Violence and Domestic Relations Department (FVDR) produces a bi-annual newsletter, Synergy, that highlights special topics in the area of child protection and custody and provides updates on statutes, case law, and efforts to address family violence. The Fall 2016 newsletter has an excellent article from Florida Judge Lynn Tepper, on accounting for domestic violence from the bench when hearing petitions for child support or applications for financial relief in protection orders. PDF
A Passport to Safety
This publication is designed to facilitate the efforts of states, tribes, and territories to implement Full Faith & Credit Provisions of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Since its initial printing in 1999, VAWA has been amended twice - once in 2000 and again in 2005. This version reflects the 2005 amendments and expands Passport to Safety from its original issuing and enforcing benchcards to include two new subject-area cards: one on firearms and one on custody, visitation, and support provisions within protection orders. http://www.ncjfcj.org/sites/default/files/a-passport-to-safety.pdf (May 2011)
A National Portrait of Domestic Violence Courts
Written by Melissa Labriola et al.This article provides an excellent overview of the domestic violence court situation throughout the nation, and provides a good amount of information, both on domestic violence courts across America and those in Florida specifically. https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/229659.pdf
Checklist to Promote Perpetrator Accountability in Dependency Cases Involving Domestic Violence
This publication is known as the Accountability Checklist and was developed to guide judges in holding perpetrators of domestic violence accountability and ensure that efforts to reach fathers will foster the safety and well-being of children and victim parents. The Accountability Checklist will help the court leverage its authority, provide appropriate services, and improve judicial decision-making. It will also help judges define domestic violence; gather information; assess dangerousness, strength's, and fatherhood capacity; review service plans and treatment options; consider placement and visitation; and ensure an effective judicial process. http://www.ncjfcj.org/sites/default/files/checklist-to-promote-accountability_0.pdf (January 2011)
Children’s Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and Other Family Violence. Hamby, Sherry et al.
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Juvenile Justice Bulletin. This Bulletin discusses the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV), the most comprehensive nationwide survey of the incidence and prevalence of children’s exposure. https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/232272.pdf (October 2011)
Domestic Violence & The Courtroom Knowing The Issues... Understanding The Victim
American Judges Association. This educational booklet provides information about victims of domestic violence and stresses the need for sensitivity and understanding for the victims who appear before the court. This booklet will help a judge to promote zero tolerance of domestic violence and provide a courtroom sensitive to the needs and safety of the victim. http://aja.ncsc.dni.us/domviol/publications_domviobooklet.htm (2013)
Building Cultural Justice: How Courts are Improving Access and Understanding in Domestic Violence Cases
This guide is designed to help viewers explore ideas surrounding culture, specifically a survivor’s culture as it relates to enhancing safety and access to justice. It was developed by the Center for Court Innovation in partnership with Casa de Esperanza and the Asian Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence to accompany the short video entitled Building a Culture of Justice found here: https://www.courtinnovation.org/publications/building-culture-justice-how-courts-are-improving-access-and-understanding-domestic
2017 Guide to Domestic Violence Cases
This guide, dedicated to helping courts intervene effectively in domestic violence cases, was developed by the National Association for Court Management. PDF
Integrating Procedural Justice in Domestic Violence Cases: A Practice Guide
The Center for Court Innovation developed an excellent resource guide for courts wanted to increase procedural justice and perceptions of fairness in domestic violence court. This guide can be found at the following address. https://gallery.mailchimp.com/2b792a26f1afbd00af90506c8/files/544809c1-78d1-4c96-9eac-dc3e73ebd02c/PracticeGuide_IntegratingPJinDVCases_07.27.2017.pdf
Custody and Visitation in Civil Protection Orders: Guiding Principles and Suggested Practices for Courts and Communities
This publication, developed by the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, provides guiding principles and encourages judges to consider and address custody/visitation issues in protection orders.
Practice Guides for Family Court Decision-Making in Domestic Abuse-Related Custody Matters 2015
This publication, created by the Battered Women’s Justice Project in consultation with the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges and representatives from the Association of Family and Conciliation Courts, is a compilation of research- based practice guides designed to support and enhance substantive and procedural decision-making by family court professionals involved in domestic abuse-related child custody matters.
Domestic Violence Benchbooks: A Guide to Court Intervention. by Ling, Elizabeth. Crank, Katie. Center for Court Innovation. 2015
Judges and justice system staff are uniquely positioned to address the problem of domestic violence. Court intervention can significantly impact victims and families, but in order to effectively intervene, domestic violence-specific education for judges is critical. As a comprehensive technical assistance provider for the Office on Violence Against Women, the Center for Court Innovation often receives inquiries from courts nationwide on benchbooks and other judicial resources regarding domestic violence and sexual assault. This guide and recommended set of practices was created in response to these requests. Understanding that domestic violence laws differ from state to state, this project focuses on the dynamics of domestic violence rather than state statutes. http://www.courtinnovation.org/sites/default/files/documents/DV_BenchbookFinal.pdf
Civil Protection Orders: A Guide for Improving Practice
This publication is known as the CPO Guide. The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, in partnership with the Department of Justice Office on Violence Against Women developed the CPO Guide as a tool designed to support the work of professionals dedicated to enhancing the effectiveness of the civil protection order process. It provides guidance for advocates, attorneys, judges, law enforcement personnel, and prosecutors to help ensure that protection orders are effectively issued, served, and enforced across the country. The electronic version of the CPO Guide is available on nearly every e-reading device. It can be downloaded free of charge from the Apple, NOOK, and Sony bookstores and from Diesel Books online. Amazon Kindle owners can also obtain an electronic version of the CPO Guide through the Kindle Bookstore; however, the cost is 99 cents.
http://www.ncjfcj.org/sites/default/files/cpo_guide.pdf (January 2010)
Lawyers Manual on Domestic Violence
The New York State Judicial Committee on Women in the Courts recently released their updated "Lawyers Manual on Domestic Violence." Please find it linked here for your convenience.
Tribal Court Judge Sexual Assault Benchbook
This benchbook was written by the Tribal Law and Policy Institute, The benchbook, updated in 2011, can be found below.
The Domestic Violence Report (Civic Research Institute)
This series of newsletters is a valuable resource for anyone interested in current, topical issues pertaining to domestic violence research, legislation, and practice. The reports can be subscribed to at http://www.civicresearchinstitute.com/dvr.html.
The Sexual Violence Report (Civic Research Institute)
This series of reports brings together ideas from experts in criminal and civil law, nursing and emergency medicine, law, nursing and emergency medicine, law enforcement, counseling and social services. Each issue examines health and forensic research programs and initiatives around the world, survivor support programs and therapies, innovative criminal and civil remedies, medical findings, therapeutic innovations, and more. The reports can be found at http://www.civicresearchinstitute.com/sar.html.
The Florida Family Court Tool Kit: Trauma and Child Development (Office of Court Improvement)
The information and practices in this tool kit will improve judicial decision making and improve outcomes for children. The practices are in keeping with guiding principles from In re: Report of the Family Court Steering Committee, 794 So. 2d 518 (Fla. 2001). Federal regulations, state statutes, Florida Supreme Court opinions, and a judicial canon support these practices and authorize trauma screening and treatment.
The Office of Juvenile Justice Toolkit: Enhancing Police Responses to Children Exposed to Violence
This Toolkit provides practical tools and resources to assist law enforcement agencies in building or enhancing effective operational responses to children exposed to violence (with or without a mental health partner). This toolkit contains tools targeted to police leaders and frontline officers. PDF.
Hot Topic: Mass Murder and Domestic Violence
A comprehensive study of mass murder precipitants and motivations of offenders
Taylor, Melanie A. "A comprehensive study of mass murder precipitants and motivations of offenders." International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology 62, no. 2 (2018): 427-449.
Much speculation has been made in the media as to the causes of mass murder in the United States, yet little empirical research exists to verify factors leading to violence. Prior research primarily relies on case study methodologies or small data sets, but none have focused on the underlying issues observed in a comprehensive national sample. Data for the current study include 152 mass murders reported through the FBI’s Supplementary Homicide Reports and USA Today from 2007 to 2011, which were then matched with media reports for each event. The current study shows that mass murders typically occur following a triggering event, are committed by non-strangers, and are rarely committed by persons with mental illnesses. A more realistic image of these incidents is critical, as misperceptions of offenders and case characteristics can improperly shape public policies.
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) Study and Domestic Violence
ACEs overview, presented by the Centers for Disease Control. PDF.
Website updated in April, 2016.
This interactive website provides a wealth of information, demographics, and outcomes that result from childhood ACEs.
A call for limiting absolute privilege: How victims of domestic violence, suffering with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, are discriminated against by the U.S. judicial system.
King, Jerrell Dayton, and Donna J. King. "A Call for Limiting Absolute Privilege: How Victims of Domestic Violence, Suffering with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Are Discriminated Against by the US Judicial
System." DePaul Journal of Women, Gender and the Law 6.1 (2017): 1.
This article explored the U.S. civil court system and endeavored to expose the debilitating trauma that DV victims experience within the judicial system when having to face their abuser, particularly the trauma caused by absolute privilege, and to suggest an avenue for redress.
Children and Domestic Violence
Patterns of adjustment among children exposed to intimate partner violence: a person-centered approach.
McDonald, Shelby Elaine, et al. "Patterns of adjustment among children exposed to intimate partner violence: a person-centered approach." Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma 9.2 (2016): 137-152.
This study examined profiles of adjustment in an ethnically diverse sample of 291 school-age children recruited from community-based domestic violence services. Results provided support for three distinct profiles of socio-emotional functioning among children: Resilient, Struggling, and Severe Maladjustment.
Domestic violence and children: Questions and answers for domestic violence project advocates
"Children: Questions and Answers for Domestic Violence Project Advocates November 2010 Recommended Citation National Child Traumatic Stress Network, Domestic Violence Collaborative Group.(2010)."
This fact sheet was developed by the National Child Traumatic Stress Network in collaboration with domestic violence advocates from across the country, and will explain how domestic violence affects children.
Pathways from witnessing parental violence during childhood to involvement in intimate partner violence in adult life: The roles of depression and substance use: Pathways of witnessing parental violence.
Madruga, Clarice S., et al. "Pathways from witnessing parental violence during childhood to involvement in intimate partner violence in adult life: The roles of depression and substance use." Drug and Alcohol Review 36.1 (2017): 107-114.
The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of witnessing parental violence (WPV) during childhood and of current intimate partner violence (IPV) victimisation and aggression in a Brazilian sample, in order to verify pathways between WPV and involvement in IPV as an adult. The mediating roles of substance use and depression were investigated. WPV was associated with being a victim of IPV in adult life, but not with becoming a perpetrator, regardless of being a victim of physical violence during childhood. There was a direct effect of WPV on IPV mediated by depressive symptoms. Alcohol and cocaine consumption and age of drinking initiation mediated only when combined with depressive symptoms. Intergenerational transmission models of IPV through exposure during childhood can help to explain the high rates of domestic violence in Brazil. Our findings provide evidence to implement targeted prevention strategies where they are needed most: the victims of premature adverse experiences.
Abuse in Disabled Populations
Recent physical and sexual violence against adults with severe mental illness: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Khalifeh, Hind, et al. "Recent physical and sexual violence against adults with severe mental illness: a systematic review and meta-analysis." International review of psychiatry 28.5 (2016): 433-451.
People with severe mental illness (SMI) have high prevalence of lifetime victimization, but little is known about the extent and risk of recent domestic/sexual violence. This article aims to synthesize evidence on prevalence, odds, and risk factors for recent violence against people with SMI, with a focus on domestic and sexual violence. July 2016.
Childhood maltreatment and adulthood domestic and sexual violence victimization among people with severe mental illness.
Anderson, Fraser, et al. "Childhood maltreatment and adulthood domestic and sexual violence victimization among people with severe mental illness." Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology (2016): 1-10.
This study was designed to investigate the association between childhood maltreatment and adulthood domestic and sexual violence victimization among people with severe mental illness, and to explore this association in terms of gender differences and potential mediators. Results demonstrated that men and women with SMI who reported experiences of childhood maltreatment were two to five times more likely to report domestic and sexual violence victimization in adulthood, and people with severe mental illness have high prevalence of experiences of childhood maltreatment and adulthood domestic and sexual violence victimization.
Materials from NJUDV’s Enhancing Judicial Skills in Elder Abuse Cases Workshop (2015). Please use the following link(s) for articles, statutes, standards of practice, facts, future trends and other documents concerning elder abuse. https://www.njidv.org/education-opportunities/elder-abuse/materials.html (June 2015)
Domestic violence and LGBT populations
Intimate partner violence among sexual minority populations: A critical review of the literature and agenda for future research.
Edwards, Katie M., Kateryna M. Sylaska, and Angela M. Neal. "Intimate partner violence among sexual minority populations: A critical review of the literature and agenda for future research." Psychology of Violence 5.2 (2015): 112.
A survey of 96 articles, published from 1999 to the present, documents that rates of IPV among LGB individuals are equal to or greater than rates observed among heterosexual individuals. A number of risk factors for IPV victimization and perpetration among LGB individuals have also been identified.
Occurrence and impact of domestic violence and abuse in gay and bi-sexual men: A cross-sectional survey
Bacchus, L. J., A. M. Buller, G. Ferrari, T. J. Peters, K. Devries, G. Sethi, J. White, M. Hester, and G. S. Feder. "Occurrence and impact of domestic violence and abuse in gay and bisexual men: a cross sectional survey." International journal of STD & AIDS 28, no. 1 (2017): 16-27.
This cross-sectional survey measured adult experience and perpetration of negative and potentially abusive behaviours with partners and its associations with mental and sexual health problems, drug and alcohol abuse in gay and bisexual men attending a UK sexual health service, and found associations with several negative behaviors.
The Intersection of domestic violence and the military: Working across disciplines
When war comes home: The effect of combat service on domestic violence.
Cesur, Resul, and Joseph J. Sabia. "When War Comes Home: The Effect of Combat Service on Domestic Violence." Review of Economics and Statistics 98.2 (2016): 209-225.
This study is the first to estimate the effect of war service in the Global War on Terrorism on domestic violence. Results show that assignment to combat substantially increases the probability of intimate partner violence and child abuse.
Domestic Violence and Neuroscience
Domestic violence, developing brains, and the lifespan: New knowledge from neuroscience
"The author suggests that, before reading this article, you go to YouTube.com and watch First Impressions: Exposure to Violence and a Child’s Developing Brain (15 minutes) featuring Dr. Bruce Perry, senior fellow of the Child Trauma Academy in Houston, Texas, and Dr. Linda Chamberlain, founding director, Alaska Family Violence Prevention Project, available at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=brVOYtNMmKk.
The New England Journal of Medicine recently published an article titled “Silent Victims—An Epidemic of Childhood Exposure to Domestic Violence.” It called on healthcare providers to understand the prevalence and neurobiological consequences of children’s exposure to domestic violence and take action to mitigate it."
Are batterers different from other criminals? An fMRI study.
Bueso-Izquierdo, Natalia, et al. "Are batterers different from other criminals? An fMRI study." Social cognitive and affective neuroscience (2016): nsw020.
Thus, the main aim of this study was to compare the brain functioning of batterers to that of other criminals when they are exposed to IPV or general violence pictures. Results demonstrated that batterers, compared to other criminals, exhibited a higher level of activity in three specific areas of the brain as well as a lower level of activity in one specific area of the brain.
Antisocial Traits, Distress Tolerance, and Alcohol Problems as Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence in Men Arrested for Domestic Violence
Brem, M. J., Florimbio, A. R., Elmquist, J., Shorey, R. C., & Stuart, G. L. (2017, January 12). "Antisocial Traits, Distress Tolerance, and Alcohol Problems as Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence in Men Arrested for Domestic Violence." Psychology of Violence.
Men with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) traits are at an increased risk for consuming alcohol and perpetrating intimate partner violence (IPV). However, previous research has neglected malleable mechanisms potentially responsible for the link between ASPD traits, alcohol problems, and IPV perpetration. Efforts to improve the efficacy of batterer intervention programs (BIPs) would benefit from exploration of such malleable mechanisms. The present study is the 1st to examine distress tolerance as 1 such mechanism linking men’s ASPD traits to their alcohol problems and IPV perpetration.
Pornography and violence against women
Adult pornography and violence against women in the heartland results from a rural southeast Ohio study.
DeKeseredy, Walter S., and Amanda Hall-Sanchez. "Adult Pornography and Violence Against Women in the Heartland Results From a Rural Southeast Ohio Study." Violence against women (2016): 1077801216648795.
There is growing quantitative evidence revealing that rural women are at higher risk of being victimized by intimate violence than their urban and suburban counterparts. This study examined that correlation and found that in a sample of rural Ohio women, pornography was a major factor in the problem of rural woman victimization.
Portrayals of Domestic Violence in Media
From social merchandising to social spectacle: Portrayals of domestic violence in TV Globo’s prime-time telenovelas
Joyce, Samantha Nogueira, and Monica Martinez. "From Social Merchandising to Social Spectacle: Portrayals of Domestic Violence in TV Globo’s Prime-Time Telenovelas." International Journal of Communication 11 (2017): 17.
This article addresses the representation of domestic violence in two Brazilian primetime TV Globo telenovelas—Mulheres
Apaixonadas and A Regra do Jogo—through the use of social merchandising
about domestic violence. We conclude that, although the story lines in these two programs might seem progressive and empowering to women who seek to leave their abusers, ultimately they fall
short in one important aspect: Women’s way out is usually through a new romantic relationship. We also note that a recent insertion of domestic violence social merchandising has failed, turning the
depiction of domestic violence, instead, into a spectacle. Another interesting finding is that domestic violence is portrayed solely as a women’s issue and not a domestic one involving power.
Understanding Stalking - A Review of Stalking Dynamics and Stats
PDF prepared by the Stalking Resource Center. April 2015.
Working with Stalking Victims
PDF prepared by the Stalking Resource Center. April 2015.
Use of Technology to Stalk
PDF prepared by the Stalking Resource Center. April 2015.
Preparing for a Trauma Consultation in Your Juvenile and Family Court.
National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. 2015 Being trauma informed means asking "what happened to you and how can we help?" verses "What is wrong with you?" http://www.ncjfcj.org/sites/default/files/NCJFCJ_Trauma_Manual_04.03.15.pdf
Violence and aging
Telomeres and early-life stress: An overview
Recent findings in telomere biology have suggested a new avenue for exploring the adverse health effects of childhood
maltreatment. More recently, shorter telomeres have been demonstrated in several
psychiatric conditions, particularly depression. Sustained psychosocial stress of a variety of types in adulthood appears to be associated with shorter telomeres. Now, emerging work suggests a robust, and perhaps dose-dependent, relationship with early-life stress. These findings present new opportunities to re-conceptualize the complex relationships between experience, physical and psychiatric disease, and aging. July 2013.
Price, Lawrence H., et al. "Telomeres and early-life stress: an overview." Biological psychiatry 73.1 (2013): 15-23.
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