This webpage houses additional documents relating to domestic violence, sexual violence, dating violence, repeat violence, and stalking.

The Florida Court System does not to support any activity that may compromise victim safety.

If you are in immediate danger of Domestic Violence, please call 911.

Abuse: Specific Populations

Childhood Maltreatment and Adulthood Domestic and Sexual Violence Victimization among People with Severe Mental Illness

This study was designed to investigate the association between childhood maltreatment and adulthood domestic and sexual violence victimization among people with severe mental illness, and to explore this association in terms of gender differences and potential mediators. Results demonstrated that men and women with SMI who reported experiences of childhood maltreatment were two to five times more likely to report domestic and sexual violence victimization in adulthood, and people with severe mental illness have high prevalence of experiences of childhood maltreatment and adulthood domestic and sexual violence victimization.

Intimate Partner Violence among Sexual Minority Populations: A Critical Review of the Literature and Agenda for Future Research

A  survey of 96 articles, published from 1999 to the present, documents that rates of IPV among LGB individuals are equal to or greater than rates observed among heterosexual individuals. A number of risk factors for IPV victimization and perpetration among LGB individuals have also been identified.

Occurrence and Impact of Domestic Violence and Abuse in Gay and Bi-sexual Men: A Cross-sectional Survey

This cross-sectional survey measured adult experience and perpetration of negative and potentially abusive behaviors with partners and its associations with mental and sexual health problems, drug and alcohol abuse in gay and bisexual men attending a UK sexual health service, and found associations with several negative behaviors.

Recent Physical and Sexual Violence against Adults with Severe Mental Illness: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

People with severe mental illness (SMI) have high prevalence of lifetime victimization, but little is known about the extent and risk of recent domestic/sexual violence. This article aims to synthesize evidence on prevalence, odds, and risk factors for recent violence against people with SMI, with a focus on domestic and sexual violence. July 2016.

Access to Justice and Preparing for Court

Building Cultural Justice: How Courts are Improving Access and Understanding in Domestic Violence Cases

This  guide is designed to help viewers explore ideas surrounding culture, specifically a survivor’s culture as it relates to enhancing safety and access to justice. It was developed by the Center for Court Innovation in partnership with Casa de Esperanza and the Asian Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence to accompany the short video entitled Building a Culture of Justice.

Enhancing Cultural Responsiveness in the Courts Overview

This overviewPDF Download is designed for Florida's judges to help enhance access to justice by fostering more culturally responsive courts. It includes questions to ask, places to start, next steps, and resources.

Florida's Office of the State Courts Administrator's Web Page on Fairness and Diversity

This web page describes the Florida Supreme Court Standing Committee on Fairness and Diversity's work, and lists several useful resources, including the 2015-16 Best Practices Guide and the Recognizing and Eliminating Bias in Court Operations GuidePDF Download.

Integrating Procedural Justice in Domestic Violence Cases: A Practice Guide

The Center for Court Innovation developed an excellent  resource guide for courts wanted to increase procedural justice and perceptions of fairness in domestic violence court.

Procedural Fairness Benchcard

Research has shown that higher perceptions of procedural fairness lead to better acceptance of court decisions, a more positive view of individual courts and the justice system, and greater compliance with court orders. This Procedural Fairness Benchcard was created by the National Center for State Courts, the American Judges Association, the Center for Court Innovation, and the National Judicial College.

Florida Injunctions for Protection, An Overview

Is a video that focuses on the needs of parties considering a petition for protection. It is hoped that the video will assist petitioners and respondents in understanding Florida’s four orders of protection and the requirements for filing a petition. 

Florida Injunctions for Protection, the Hearing

Is a video designed as an orientation to civil domestic violence court; the video provides important information about court room procedures, discusses the participants in the hearing, and answers many of the questions litigants might have about what will happen when they come to court.

The Civil Injunction for Protection Brochure for Petitioners

This brochurePDF Download discusses the types of injunctions available to petitioners, what protection may be available, and what to expect during the injunction process. These brochures have been sent to every courthouse where domestic violence petitions may be filed.

The Civil injunction for Protection Brochure for Respondents

This brochurePDF Download explains what a temporary injunction means, what the respondent can and cannot do while the temporary injunction is in effect, what to expect at the hearing in court, and what possible restrictions the judge may order if a final injunction is ordered. These brochures have been sent to every courthouse where domestic violence injunction hearings may be held.

Checklist for Litigants Seeking an Injunction for Protection

This checklistPDF Download explains the five different types of civil protective orders avaliable in Florida.

How to Prepare for an Injunction for Protection Court Hearing

This brochurePDF Download explains how to prepare for a hearing on a petition for an injunction for protection.  It is designed to assist both petitioners and respondents.

The Florida Council Against Sexual Violence

This Florida based group was established to provide information and training on issues pertaining to sexual violence.

The Florida Coalition Against Domestic Violence

This Florida based group was established to provide information and training on issues pertaining to domestic violence. 

The Florida Department of Children and Families Domestic Violence Program Office

This executive branch office has additional information for participants and other stakeholders in the domestic violence process. The program acts to oversee state and federal funding for domestic violence services.

The National Coalition Against Domestic Violence

This website offers a host of research and resources, including safety planning materials, financial education for victims, and nationwide statistics.

How to Gather Technology Abuse Evidence for Court

This guidePDF Download, published by the NCJFCJ in February 2018, will help the petitioner “capture” the evidence of the harassment, so she/he can bring it to court and have the judge consider the evidence from different devices during the hearing.

10 Steps for Presenting Evidence in Court

A judge needs to hear the litigants' information, called evidence, before she/he can decide the case. This evidence may include information the parties or someone else tells to the judge (“testimony”) as well as items like email and text messages, documents, photos, and objects (“exhibits”). If the party doesn't have an attorney, the party will need to gather and present her/his evidence in the proper way. Courts have rules about evidence so that judges will make decisions based on good information, not gossip and guesswork. Although the rules can be confusing, they are designed to protect the parties' rights. This guide helps the parties now how to prepare evidence for court. A video on this topic is also available.

How to Protect Yourself from Stalking - January 2019

This guide gives petitioners specific tips about how to stay safe while using technology such as using a VPN, protecting your cell phone etc.

Batterer Compliance

Get Psych'd About Batterer Compliance

Is a video that discusses the recently published OCI Best Practices Guide for Enforcing Batterer Accountability (available in PDF format). It also discusses some of the newer technologies that can be used to stalk victims of domestic violence.

This video has been distributed to stakeholders throughout Florida, including Guardians ad Litem, court personnel, and judges who may be involved with the domestic violence injunction process.

Domestic Violence Compliance Dockets

Judge Raag Singhal from the 17th Judicial Circuit discusses how the courts and court staff can address enforcing domestic violence injunction orders.

Risk Protection Orders

In this short video, Chief Judge Jack Tuter from the 17th Circuit gives a brief overview of how the courts and court staff should address risk protection orders.

Children's Issues

10 Things to Know about Parenting Plans in Cases Involving Domestic Violence - October 2019

This guide by the Resource Center on Domestic Violence: Child Protection and Custody, a project of the NCJFCJ, can help create a safe parenting plan for domestic violence survivors and their children.

Identifying and Reinforcing Resiliency in Children Exposed to Maltreatment and Domestic Violence: Some Initial Considerations - October 2019

This is the first in a series of technical assistance briefs on resiliency by the Resource Center on Domestic Violence: Child Protection and Custody, a project of the NCJFCJ. This brief focuses on clarifying and refining the concept of resiliency, provides an overview of the research on this important topic, and offers some initial considerations as courts attempt to further reinforce resiliency in applicable cases.

Defining Child-Related Relief in Civil Protection Orders to Enhance Safety - July 2019

This guide is intended to provide direction on how to design civil protection orders that address and implement safety safeguards when children are involved in an interpersonal violence case. 

Teen Dating Violence

Barbara Oudekerk, Ph.D., Dara R. Blachman-Demner, Ph.D., and Carrie Mulford, Ph.D. Teen Dating Violence: How Peers Can Affect Risk & Protective Factors, National Institute of Justice, Research In Brief, November 2014. This article provides an overview of the dynamics of teen dating violence, including socio-economic and interpersonal factors, and suggests that peers can act as first responders and intervenors for their friends who may be victims or engaging in forms of dating violence. The researchers conclude that programs and policies aimed at preventing teen dating violence or promoting healthy teen relationships are likely to be most effective if they take into consideration the potential ways in which peers and peer contexts shape teens’ experiences within close relationships. This is pertinent to the courts in that peer-involved resolution such as “teen courts” may provide effective case resolution in such cases.

Patty Branco, M.A., Senior Technical Assistant and Resource Specialist-National Resource Center on Domestic Violence, Preventing and Responding to Teen Dating Violence, Resource Library (January 2019). This “Special Collection” resource article emphasizes collaborative and multi-level approaches to the prevention of and response to teen dating violence (“TDV”). Drawing on the work of many organizations, the article provides general information about TDV, as well as resources for different populations, including 1) young people, 2) parents and caregivers, 3) men and boys, 4) teachers and school-based professionals, 5) health care professionals, 6) pregnancy prevention programs, and 7) domestic and sexual violence service providers. The article concludes with examples of national programs that address TDV with a link to national and statewide laws, legislation, organizations and programs. This information is pertinent to the courts in that teen violence must be seen as systemic, not just isolated incidents, which can inform a judge that wholistic resolution and disposition may provide more effective case resolution.

Supervised Visitation

The Clearinghouse on Supervised Visitation was created in to provide statewide technical assistance on issues related to the delivery of supervised visitation services. This site includes manuals, materials, a list of Florida visitation programs, and standards and best practices.

Sex Trafficking Brochure for Parents

The Arizona State University (ASU) School of Social Work, Office of Sex Trafficking Intervention Research, along with The McCain Institute for International Leadership at ASU, developed a very informative brochure for parentsPDF Download that discusses common myths surrounding sex trafficking, details how juveniles can become victims of sex traffickers, and highlights ways in which parents can protect their children from becoming victims. Please review this brochure for very valuable information.

Children’s Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and Other Family Violence

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Juvenile Justice Bulletin. This Bulletin discusses the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV), the most comprehensive nationwide survey of the incidence and prevalence of children’s exposure. (October 2011).

Custody and Visitation in Civil Protection Orders: Guiding Principles and Suggested Practices for Courts and Communities

This publication, developed by the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, provides guiding principles and encourages judges to consider and address custody/visitation issues in protection orders.

The Office of Juvenile Justice Toolkit: Enhancing Police Responses to Children Exposed to Violence

This Toolkit provides practical tools and resources to assist law enforcement agencies in building or enhancing effective operational responses to children exposed to violence (with or without a mental health partner). This toolkit contains tools targeted to police leaders and frontline officers. .

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) Study and Domestic Violence

This ACEs overview, presented by the Centers for Disease Control, is part of an interactive website that provides a wealth of information, demographics, and outcomes that result from childhood ACEs.

Patterns of Adjustment among Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence: a Person-centered Approach

This  study examined profiles of adjustment in an ethnically diverse sample of 291 school-age children recruited from community-based domestic violence services. Results provided support for three distinct profiles of socio-emotional functioning among children: Resilient, Struggling, and Severe Maladjustment.

Domestic Violence and Children: Questions and Answers for Domestic Violence Project Advocates

This fact sheetPDF Download was developed by the National Child Traumatic Stress Network in collaboration with domestic violence advocates from across the country, and explains how domestic violence affects children. 

Protecting Children Exposed to Domestic Violence - December 2014

This webinar, developed and presented by Professor Teresa Drake from the Levin College of Law at University of Florida, examined the effects of domestic violence on children and how these effects may last long into adulthood. It also discussed issues relating to child custody and time sharing.  Due to technical difficulties, only the PowerPoint slides are available at this time.  PPT

Pathways from Witnessing Parental Violence during Childhood to Involvement in Intimate Partner Violence in Adult Life: The Roles of Depression and Substance Use

The aims of this  study were to determine the prevalence of witnessing parental violence (WPV) during childhood and of current intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and aggression in a Brazilian sample, in order to verify pathways between WPV and involvement in IPV as an adult. The mediating roles of substance use and depression were investigated. WPV was associated with being a victim of IPV in adult life, but not with becoming a perpetrator, regardless of being a victim of physical violence during childhood. There was a direct effect of WPV on IPV mediated by depressive symptoms. Alcohol and cocaine consumption and age of drinking initiation mediated only when combined with depressive symptoms. Intergenerational transmission models of IPV through exposure during childhood can help to explain the high rates of domestic violence in Brazil. Our findings provide evidence to implement targeted prevention strategies where they are needed most: the victims of premature adverse experiences.

Telomeres and Early-life Stress: An Overview

Recent findings in telomere biology have suggested a new avenue for exploring the adverse health effects of childhood maltreatment. More recently, shorter telomeres have been demonstrated in several psychiatric conditions, particularly depression. Sustained psychosocial stress of a variety of types in adulthood appears to be associated with shorter telomeres. Now, emerging work suggests a robust, and perhaps dose-dependent, relationship with early-life stress. These findings present new opportunities to re-conceptualize the complex relationships between experience, physical and psychiatric disease, and aging.

The Effects of Exposure to Domestic Violence on Babies and Children

This video, produced by the 11th Circuit, provides valuable information about the severe and lasting negative impact that exposure to domestic violence has on babies and children. This video also teaches that babies and children who live in a home where a parent is being abused are effected and hurt even if they never directly witness the actual violence.

Promising Practices for Time Sharing in Domestic Violence Cases

In 2015 the OCI developed a promising practices guidePDF Download to provide guidance on temporary parenting plans and temporary time-sharing schedules in domestic violence injunction proceedings to enable petitioners to navigate parenting arrangements safely and knowledgably.

Florida Supervised Visitation Directory

This directory displays supervised visitation providers throughout Florida.

Domestic Violence and Timesharing

This e-learning module, presented by Judge Karen Cole of the 4th Judicial Circuit, reviews the law surrounding time sharing when handled in domestic violence injunction cases.

Practice Guides for Family Court Decision-making in Domestic Abuse-related Child Custody Matters

This compilationPDF Download of research-based practice guides is designed to support and enhance substantive and procedural decision-making by family court professionals involved in domestic abuse-related child custody matters. It provides guidance on how to identify, understand and account for the nature, context and implications of abuse at every stage of the family court proceeding by any person who is involved in the case. It promotes informed decision-making that focuses upon the lived experiences of the parents and children whose lives are being adjusted by and within the family court system.

Economic Security and Child Support

Florida's Office of the State Court Administrator's Web Page on Child Support

This web page lists valuable information, links, videos, and other resources regarding child support in Florida, including the Child Support Benchbook.

How the Courts Should Address Economic Security for Victims of Interpersonal Violence

Judge Alice Blackwell from the 9th Judicial Circuit discusses the various issues that should be addressed to ensure victims have the tools they need to survive after experiencing interpersonal violence.

We would like your feedback on this e-learning module so we can continue to improve as we create future modules.  Please complete the survey to provide feedback.  The survey responses are anonymous.

Child Support Guidelines: Using the IV-D Guidelines Program (December 8, 2015)

Assistant Attorneys General Garcia-Solis and Simpson of the Child Support Enforcement Bureau of the Office of the Attorney General give an one hour overview of the Child Support Guidelines Worksheet and explain how information should be entered on the worksheet. The excel document, developed by the Department of Revenue, can be used in all case types for determining child support.  The speakers also address time-sharing, shared parental responsibility, Social Security benefits and related issues. CLE credits have been approved for this webinar (#1600480N). The excel document is updated on a regular basis by the Department of Revenue.

If you are a judicial officer and need the latest version of the excel spreadsheet to use from the bench, please contact the virtual court support at

The Best Practices Model on Child Support in Domestic Violence

The Best Practices ModelPDF Download on Child Support in Domestic Violence provides helpful guidelines for judges facing child support issues in a domestic violence case. This training video helps users understand how to properly access the excel spreadsheet to determine child support.

Elder Abuse

How Elders Become Victims

Yuliya Mysyuk, Ph.D., Rudi G. Johannes Westendorp, M.D.,Ph.D., Jolanda Lindenberg, Ph.D., How Older Persons Explain Why They Became Victims of Abuse, Age and Ageing, Volume 45, Issue 5, Pages 696–702 (September 2016) . The authors engaged in a thorough study of 6 elder males and 11 females considered abused within residential care or nursing homes. The findings show that the victims saw the causes of elder abuse as stemming from mutual dependency, power and control imbalances, loneliness and a marginal social position of being “older persons.” The effects of abuse include psychological, physical, material and financial effects, loss of norms and values and low self-efficacy. Coping strategies included seeking informal or professional help and self-help strategies. The conclusion for caregivers/healthcare professionals is to pay close attention to a mutual dependency of victim and perpetrator that results in increased isolation, unexplained physical symptoms, depression and low self-efficacy. This information is pertinent to the courts in that resolution of liability, probate and related criminal actions for abuse of elders can become more evidence based and wholistic which provides more effective case resolution.

Jason Burnett, Ph.D., Carmel B. Dyer, M.D., Leslie E. Clark, BSN, RN-BC, and John M. Halphen, M.D., J.D. A Statewide Elder Mistreatment Virtual Assessment Program: Preliminary Data, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, VOL. 67, NO. 1, pgs. 151-155 (2019). The article notes that over 500,000 elder adults are referred for abuse assessments annually in the United States. Due to age and frailty as well as mental state, such persons are in need of timely assessments and protection plans to minimize harm. This study describes the Texas Elder Abuse and Mistreatment Institute Forensic Assessment Center Network (TEAM‐FACN), a novel statewide elder mistreatment (EM) virtual assessment program using low‐cost videophone technology and web‐based coordination with Adult Protective Services (APS), its clients, and a centralized geriatric and EM expert medical team for virtual in‐home assessments. This technology helps increase access to expert geriatric and EM protective service assessments for older adults who are being mistreated. This information is pertinent to the courts in that resolution of liability and related criminal actions for abuse of elders can become more evidence based and referred more quickly for court interventions.

Elder Abuse Community Action Plan for Victoria

Elder abuse is a form of family violence that tends to be under-reported. The unique dynamics of elder abuse require a different approach. In Victoria, this is the first action planPDF Download developed specifically to assist the community to tackle elder abuse. The plan, developed by the National Aging Research Institute with support from Seniors Rights Victoria, the Office of Public Advocate, and community service providers, identifies gaps and sets out 10 priorities to address elder abuse.

The priorities include: 

  • The need to clarify the relationship between family violence and elder abuse 
  • Raise community awareness of elder abuse and promote a positive image of older people to reduce ageism
  • Increase ways to help older people disclose elder abuse without fear, and
  • Provide education and training on elder abuse for all health professionals in health and aged care services 

Financial Exploitation: Florida Law Provides Powerful Help for Seniors

This article reviews the various Florida statutes that address, and provide remedies for, financial exploitation of the elderly by adults who have any one of a number of various relationships with the elder.

Preying on the Graying: A Statutory Presumption to Prosecute Elder Financial Exploitation

Written by Professor Andrew McClurg, a law professor at the University of Memphis Law School, this article reviews the need to protect the elderly from financial expoitation, and proposes the adoption of state criminal statutes that create a permissive presumption of exploitation with regard to certain financial transfers from elders.

Preventing Abuse

Philip Robert Baker,Ph.D., Daniel Peter Francis, Ph.D., Noran Naqiah Mohd Hairi, M.D., Sajaratulnisah Othman, M.D., Wan Yuen Choo, M.D. Interventions For Preventing Elder Abuse: Applying Findings of A New Cochrane Review, Age and Ageing, Volume 46, Issue 3, Pages 346–348 (May 2017). In response to the fact that elder abuse is a significant international public health issue with great costs to many societies and countries, the authors undertook an evidence based intervention assessment study. A review of interventions to prevent elder abuse suggests that, “the quality of the evidence available for decision making is very low and there is little to guide practice.” There is some evidence that teaching coping skills to family carers of persons with dementia might make the situation better. We argue that poor quality and wasteful research needs to be avoided, and front-line agencies be supported in undertaking comparative evaluation of their services.” The researchers call for reliable comparative new research to develop and coordinate more effective intervention approaches or strategies. This information is pertinent to the courts in that resolution of liability and related criminal actions for abuse of elders can become more evidence based and reliable to enhance appropriate court resolution.

Evidence and Florida Law

Medical Forensic Sexual Assault Examinations:  What Are They and What Can They Tell the Courts?

Inaccurate assumptions about medical evidence in adult victim sexual assault trials undermine fairness in the justice system. These trials bring with them expectations about the kinds of injuries “real” victims sustain, the kind of medical evidence that will be offered, who will present it, and what the medical evidence can “prove”. This webinar will provide accurate information about the purposes and processes of medical forensic sexual assault examinations and what they can and cannot “prove.” It will also explore some of the legal issues these examinations raise for judicial resolution. The CLE reference number for this webinar is: 1705487N.

Mythbreakers: Chapter 39 Injunctions

This video discusses common myths and misconceptions associated with the Chapter 39 injunction process. It also discusses the differences between Chapter 39 injunctions and Chapter 741 injunctions.

Use of Facility Dogs in Judicial Proceedings

Ellen O’Neill-Stephens, JD, and Celeste Walsen, DVM, presented a one hour webinar on the use of facility dogs in judicial proceedings on February 9, 2017. Topics of discussion within the webinar are: the law in Florida and other states; recent appellate decisions in Florida and other states; recently proposed legislation in Florida; circumstances in which a facility dog may be used; and jury instructions. One hour of CJE has been approved for judges who attended the presentation on February 9, 2017. One hour of CLE has been approved; the course number is 1700917N.

Promising Practicing for Enforcing Final Injunctions

In 2012, the OCI conducted a 6-month pilot program to assess methods of enforcing final injunctions. As a result of the pilot, the OCI developed a promising practices guide for enforcing final injunctions. The steps outlined in the guide may assist courts in providing effective enforcement to ensure respondents follow the terms of the final order. This guide is available in PDF format, and as a Powerpoint slideshow.

Additionally, the OCI produced a final report on the pilot program, which details the process used in the pilot program, the results of the program, and future steps to promote the promising practices guide.

Analysis of Duties, Obligations, and Requirements under Chapter 741 Florida Statutes, and Rule 12.610 and Form(s) 12.980, Florida Family Law Rules of Procedure, Regarding Domestic Violence and Injunctions for Protection - April 2018

This guidePDF Download, created by Judge Christine Greider, 20th Judicial Circuit, is designed to outline the law and the responsibilities of the various stakeholders throughout the injunction process.

2012 Case Management Guidelines

The 2012 Case Management GuidelinesPDF Download provides Florida Case Managers with a valuable resource that examines each stage in the domestic violence process and outlines the case management process.

Aequitas - The Prosecutor's Resource on Violence Against Women

This website has a wealth of documents and resources available on vital issues such as elder abuse, witness intimidation, and more.

Federal Law

A Passport to Safety

This publication is designed to facilitate the efforts of states, tribes, and territories to implement Full Faith & Credit Provisions of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). Since its initial printing in 1999, VAWA has been amended twice - once in 2000 and again in 2005. This version reflects the 2005 amendments and expands Passport to Safety from its original issuing and enforcing benchcards to include two new subject-area cards: one on firearms and one on custody, visitation, and support provisions within protection orders.

"Immigration - Options for Victims of Crime" by Elizabeth Ricci and Niel Rambana

This webinar was presented on May 7, 2015, by immigration lawyers, Elizabeth Ricci and Neil St. John Rambana. For more information on the background of the webinar, please see this brochure, and view the accompanying  video. Due to technical issues, the webinar was not recorded; however, you may click here for a link to the PowerPoint. Florida Bar members can report their CLE credits online at Course number: 1504620N

General Topics and Statistics

Animal Cruelty Issues, What Juvenile and Family Court Judges Need to Know - August 2019

This guide, presented by the NCJFCJ and the Animal Legal Defense Fund, explores issues surrounding the link between animal cruelty and interpersonal violence.

Judicial Wellness for Florida Judges and Court Staff: Tools for Self Care in Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Cases

Sexual violence has traumatic effects on victims; judges and court staff can also experience secondary trauma as a result of hearing sexual violence cases.Wellness is an important component to good judicial decision making, job satisfaction and professional health. In this webinar, participants will identify tools for wellness for court professionals facing compassion fatigue and vicarious (secondary) trauma.  Internationally recognized trauma expert Dr. Peter Jaffe, and National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges faculty Hon. Elizabeth Berns, along with Andrew Wentzell, from the Office of Court Improvement, will also discuss anonymous survey data collected by the Florida Office of the State Court Administrator from court professionals. This data speaks to the levels and perceptions of secondary trauma and knowledge of coping mechanisms by court professionals, judges and attorneys. Don't miss this exciting webinar which is relevant for all professionals who work with domestic violence and sexual assault cases. This webinar is available for CLE, course number 1609140N.

The Economic Cost of Intimate Partner Violence, Sexual Assault, and Stalking - August 2017

This fact sheet summarizes findings from research literature on the economic consequences and costs of interpersonal violence, sexual assault, and stalking for victims and survivors. The costs highlighted include medical expenditures, lower wages resulting from diminished educational attainment, lost wages from missed work and job loss, debt and poor credit, and costs associated with housing instability.

Adjudicating in an Unsecured Workplace - How to Assess and Stay Safe - Spring 2018

This articlePDF Download, written by John Muffler and published in The Judges' Journal, Volume 57, Number 2, Spring 2018, discusses judicial safety in the courtroom.

The National Judicial College

This website offers several free and fee based training programs for the judiciary on a variety of topics, as well as several resources.

Human Trafficking

Florida's Office of the State Courts Administrator's Web Page on Human Trafficking

This web page lists valuable information, links, and resources regarding human trafficking in Florida.

Human Trafficking Overview

This document is an overviewPDF Download of the relevant federal and Florida law regarding human trafficking cases, as well as tips for how a judge can recognize these types of cases, steps to follow if a human trafficking victim appears in court, an initial list of remedies available for victims, service needs of victims, and an initial resource list. More information can be found on the OCI "human trafficking" pages of this website. See above.

Military Issues

The Intersection of Domestic Violence and the Military: Working Across Disciplines

This special collection of resources examines the intersection between the prevalence of traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder among veterans and domestic and sexual violence.

When War Comes Home: The Effect of Combat Service on Domestic Violence

This study is the first to estimate the effect of war service in the Global War on Terrorism on domestic violence. Results show that assignment to combat substantially increases the probability of intimate partner violence and child abuse.

Domestic Violence and the US Military

Circuit Judge Howard McGillin, Jr., of the Seventh Judicial Circuit presented a one hour webinar on July 21, 2016, on Domestic Violence and the US Military. Military families are subject to extraordinary stresses. This one hour training  is intended to enable attendees to understand those stress factors while helping to ensure that abusers are held accountable for their actions. Judge McGillin explains the Department of Defense’s policy concerning DV and discusses the differences between military protective orders and civil injunctions for protection.  He also identifies services offered within the military for victims, family members, and the abuser. CLE (# 1605526N) has been approved. 

How Intimate Partner Violence Affects Women Veterans - 2018

This articlePDF Download features a discussion with Dr. Katherine Iverson, a clinical psychologist and researcher in the Women's Health Division of the National Center for PTSD.

National Issues, Newsletters, and other Resources

The Impact of Opiods on the Courts

Widespread use of opioids has had a devastating impact on many U.S. communities. This impact is evident on court dockets across the country on a daily basis. Courts must play an active role in providing solutions to this deadly epidemic. The National Center for State Courts has launched a webpage with statistics and other resources about opioids and the Courts.

A National Portrait of Domestic Violence Courts

Written by Melissa Labriola et al, this article provides an excellent overview of the domestic violence court situation throughout the nation, and provides a good amount of information, both on domestic violence courts across America and those in Florida specifically.

The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ)

The NCJFCJ, in collaboration with a number of other agencies and organizations, has developed a large online library of webinars, devoted to a number of family court and domestic violence court issues. The NCJFCJ has also developed several publications for subjects such as domestic violence and child dependency.

The National Center for State Courts (NCSC)

The NCSC has several online resources available on their website.  

VAWA and the Courts

This project by the National Center for State Courts, has a wealth of online documents and information available.

The National Judicial Institute on Domestic Violence

  This national group is organized to provide skills-based trainings to judges and judicial officers.  

The National Coalition Against Domestic Violence

 This national group was established to provide information and training on issues pertaining to domestic violence. 


The CAVNET is a listserve aimed at providing a network for advocates, researchers, and experts addressing violence against women, crime victims with disabilities, human rights, child abuse, and elder abuse, across disciplines. CAVNET is a partner with Lifetime Television's End Violence Against Women Campaign and a Ms. Foundation for Women Grantee.. To apply for membership, send resume and request to<


The National Council for Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ),  Family Violence and Domestic Relations Department (FVDR) produces a bi-annual newsletter, Synergy, that highlights special topics in the area of child protection and custody and provides updates on statutes, case law, and efforts to address family violence. The Fall 2016 newsletter has an excellent article from Florida Judge Lynn Tepper, on accounting for domestic violence from the bench when hearing petitions for child support or applications for financial relief in protection orders. PDFPDF Download

The Domestic Violence Report (Civic Research Institute)

This series of newsletters is a valuable resource for anyone interested in current, topical issues pertaining to domestic violence research, legislation, and practice.

The Sexual Violence Report (Civic Research Institute)

This series of reports brings together ideas from experts in criminal and civil law, nursing and emergency medicine, law, nursing and emergency medicine, law enforcement, counseling and social services. Each issue examines health and forensic research programs and initiatives around the world, survivor support programs and therapies, innovative criminal and civil remedies, medical findings, therapeutic innovations, and more. 

Offender Research

Mass Murder and Domestic Violence: A Comprehensive Study of Mass Murder Precipitants and Motivations of Offenders

Much speculation has been made in the media as to the causes of mass murder in the United States, yet little empirical research exists to verify factors leading to violence. Prior research primarily relies on case study methodologies or small data sets, but none have focused on the underlying issues observed in a comprehensive national sample. Data for the current study include 152 mass murders reported through the FBI’s Supplementary Homicide Reports and USA Today from 2007 to 2011, which were then matched with media reports for each event. The current study shows that mass murders typically occur following a triggering event, are committed by non-strangers, and are rarely committed by persons with mental illnesses. A more realistic image of these incidents is critical, as misperceptions of offenders and case characteristics can improperly shape public policies.

Are Batterers Different from Other Criminals? An fMRI Study

Thus, the main aim of this  study was to compare the brain functioning of batterers to that of other criminals when they are exposed to IPV or general violence pictures. Results demonstrated that batterers, compared to other criminals, exhibited a higher level of activity in three specific areas of the brain as well as a lower level of activity in one specific area of the brain.

Antisocial Traits, Distress Tolerance, and Alcohol Problems as Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence in Men Arrested for Domestic Violence

Men with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) traits are at an increased risk for consuming alcohol and perpetrating intimate partner violence (IPV). However, previous research has neglected malleable mechanisms potentially responsible for the link between ASPD traits, alcohol problems, and IPV perpetration. Efforts to improve the efficacy of batterer intervention programs (BIPs) would benefit from exploration of such malleable mechanisms. The present study is the 1st to examine distress tolerance as 1 such mechanism linking men’s ASPD traits to their alcohol problems and IPV perpetration.

Adult Pornography and Violence against Women in the Heartland: Results from a Rural Southeast Ohio Study

There is growing quantitative evidence revealing that rural women are at higher risk of being victimized by intimate violence than their urban and suburban counterparts. This  study examined that correlation and found that in a sample of rural Ohio women, pornography was a major factor in the problem of rural woman victimization.

From Social Merchandising to Social Spectacle: Portrayals of Domestic Violence in TV Globo’s Prime-time Telenovelas

This article addresses the representation of domestic violence in two Brazilian primetime TV Globo telenovelas—Mulheres Apaixonadas and A Regra do Jogo—through the use of social merchandising
about domestic violence. We conclude that, although the story lines in these two programs might seem progressive and empowering to women who seek to leave their abusers, ultimately they fall
short in one important aspect: Women’s way out is usually through a new romantic relationship. We also note that a recent insertion of domestic violence social merchandising has failed, turning the
depiction of domestic violence, instead, into a spectacle. Another interesting finding is that domestic violence is portrayed solely as a women’s issue and not a domestic one involving power.

Occurrence and Impact of Domestic Violence and Abuse in Gay and Bisexual Men: A Cross Sectional Survey

This cross-sectional surveyPDF Download measured adult experience and perpetration of negative and potentially abusive behaviors with partners and its associations with mental and sexual health problems, drug and alcohol abuse in gay and bisexual men attending a UK sexual health service.


Understanding Stalking - A Review of Stalking Dynamics and Stats

This documentPDF Download was prepared by the Stalking Resource Center. April 2015.

Working with Stalking Victims

This documentPDF Download was prepared by the Stalking Resource Center. April 2015.

Using Technology to Stalk

This documentPDF Download was prepared by the Stalking Resource Center. April 2015.

 The Stalking Resource Center at the National Center for Victims of Crime and the U.S. Department of Justice Office on Violence Against Women

This website hosts a variety of resources including:

  • The Intersection of Stalking and Sexual Assault webinar was originally presented July 17, 2013, by Michelle M. Garcia, Director, Stalking Resource Center, National Center for Victims of Crime. It presents the often overlooked link between stalking and sexual assault. Stalking is a crime that is often co-perpetrated with other crimes, such as domestic violence and sexual assault.  Research supports a connection between stalking and sexual assault – both pre- and post-assault.  In this webinar, we explore the nature and dynamics of stalking, focuses on its intersection with sexual assault. She also discusses ways in which this information impacts our responses to and services for victims. This session provides useful information and strategies for a wide variety of professionals, including prosecutors and other lawyers, law enforcement, medical professionals, judges, victim advocates, journalists and communications professionals, and others who interact with and write about sexual assault victims.
  • Connecting the Dots: Recognizing and Responding to Stalking. This video enhances the ability of law enforcement first responders to recognize and effectively respond to stalking. The video is designed so that it can either be shown in its entirety (approximately 18 minutes) or as individual chapters.


Strangulation: All Things Medical (March 10, 2015)

The Strangulation Training Institute, in conjunction with the Office of Court Improvement, has created a webinar regarding the medical effects domestic violence strangulation can have, as well as the implications for lethality and long-term survival. This is the first of two webinars by the Institute. 

The webinar material can be viewed by downloading the following pdfPDF Download.

Strangulation: All Things Legal (April 14, 2015)

The Strangulation Training Institute, in conjunction with the Office of Court Improvement, has created a webinar regarding the medical effects domestic violence strangulation can have, as well as the implications for lethality and long-term survival.  This is the second of two webinars by the Institute. 

The webinar material can be viewed by down loading the following pdfPDF Download.

The Investigation and Prosecution of Strangulation Cases Manual 2013

This manual looks at all aspects of strangulation crimes including, strangulation laws, how to investigate strangulation cases, how to prosecute strangulation cases, working with medical evidence in strangulation cases and more.

Signs and Symptoms of Strangulation

This reference guide shows the possible visual, audio,and neurological signs that might be noticed on a strangulation victim.

Online Strangulation Training

This module, created by the Training Institute on Strangulation Prevention to aid investigators, gives an overview of strangulation and the major issues.

Trauma & Neuroscience

Domestic Violence & The Courtroom Knowing The Issues... Understanding The Victim

This educational booklet created by the American Judges Association, provides information about victims of domestic violence and stresses the need for sensitivity and understanding for the victims who appear before the court. This booklet will help a judge to promote zero tolerance of domestic violence and provide a courtroom sensitive to the needs and safety of the victim. (2013)

Trauma, ACES, and the Courts

Retired Judge Lynn Tepper from the 6th Judicial Circuit discusses how trauma affects the litigants that appear in court.

The Florida Family Court Tool Kit: Trauma and Child Development (Office of Court Improvement)

The information and practices in this  tool kit will improve judicial decision making and improve outcomes for children. The practices are in keeping with guiding principlesPDF Download from In re: Report of the Family Court Steering Committee, 794 So. 2d 518 (Fla. 2001). Federal regulations, state statutes, Florida Supreme Court opinions, and a judicial canon support these practices and authorize trauma screening and treatment.

Domestic Violence, Developing Brains, and the Lifespan: New Knowledge from Neuroscience

The author suggests that, before reading this article, you go to and watch the video First Impressions: Exposure to Violence and a Child’s Developing Brain (15 minutes) featuring Dr. Bruce Perry, senior fellow of the Child Trauma Academy in Houston, Texas, and Dr. Linda Chamberlain, founding director, Alaska Family Violence Prevention Project.

The New England Journal of Medicine recently published an  article titled “Silent Victims—An Epidemic of Childhood Exposure to Domestic Violence.”  It called on healthcare providers to understand the prevalence and neurobiological consequences of children’s exposure to domestic violence and take action to mitigate it."

Essential Components of Trauma-Informed Judicial Practice

This issuePDF Download brief provides information, specific strategies, and resources that many treatment court judges have found beneficial.

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network's Benchcard for the Trauma-informed Judge

These two benchcardsPDF Download provide judges with useful questions and guidelines to help them make decisions based on the emerging scientific findings in the traumatic stress field.

Patterns of Adjustment among Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence: a Person-Centered Approach

This  study examined profiles of adjustment in an ethnically diverse sample of 291 school-age children recruited from community-based domestic violence services.

Trauma: Preparing for a Trauma Consultation in Your Juvenile and Family Court

This manual, developed by the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, centers around the idea that being trauma informed means asking "what happened to you and how can we help?" verses "What is wrong with you?"

Intimate Partner Sexual Abuse: The Hidden Dimension of Domestic Violence

Lynn Hecht Schafran, Esq., Director, National Judicial Education Program

The term “intimate partner sexual abuse” encompasses a continuum of behaviors from verbal degradation relating to sexuality to felony-level sexual abuse and torture. Cases involving this type of abuse present complex challenges for the judiciary, beyond the overarching goal of protecting victims and their children while ensuring due process for the accused. This webinar provides current interdisciplinary research from law, medicine and the social sciences. Participants will learn about the implications for the courts of the severe impact of intimate partner sexual abuse, how the law itself often undermines victim safety, how to create a court environment in which victims feel safe disclosing, cultural issues that affect disclosure, which risk assessment instruments include intimate partner sexual abuse as a factor, how to assess the capability of batterer intervention and sex offender treatment programs to address intimate partner sexual abuse and more. The CLE reference number for this webinar is: 1705488N.

Seeing Individuals Through a Trauma Lens: Getting from ACEs to Trauma-informed Justice

Circuit Judge Lynn Tepper of the Sixth Judicial Circuit presented a one hour webinar on March 30, 2016, on the importance of viewing individuals through a trauma lens. The webinar: discusses the effects of trauma; explains Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs); discusses how these experiences have the potential to carry lifelong mental and physical consequences; examines the factors that contribute to an abused or neglected child’s resiliency; and stresses the importance of presuming a trauma history of all litigants in judicial proceedings. CLE has been approved, (# 1602823N). 

The webinar material can be viewed by downloading the following pdf.  PDFPDF Download
Additional online resources can be found here.PDF Download

Tribal Materials

Tribal Court Judge Sexual Assault Benchbook

This benchbook was written by the Tribal Law and Policy Institute in 2011.

If you are interested in submitting an article or resource to the FIIV, please send an email to Thank you.

Violence Against Women and Men

Andre B. Rosay, Ph.D., Violence against American Indian and Alaska Native Women and Men, NIJ Journal Vol. 277 (June 2016). This report examines the prevalence of violence against American Indian and Alaska Native women and men, using a large nationally representative sample from the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS). The study provides estimates of sexual violence, physical violence by intimate partners, stalking, and psychological aggression by intimate partners. It also provides estimates of interracial and intraracial victimizations and briefly examines the impact of violence. Results should be used to raise awareness and understanding about violence against American Indian and Alaska Native women and men, specifically. On a national scale this level research can help inform the courts that many victims and perpetrators from non-white, different from working middle-class communities, exhibit different acculturation experiences related to such violence. Appropriate intervention and awareness of ethnic differences lends to more fair and helpful court resolutions.